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®Jje Heritage Hobge 

&. jf. Sc 3. 

Mo. 730 <@ J&.C 


Vol.35 - 2012 


3Jnstttuttb: September 21, 1977 
Coitetituteb: guptemtar 23. 1978 


Vol. 35-2012 

Charles H.M. Reid, Worshipful Master 

3 Waterbeach Crescent, Etobicoke, Ontario M9W3L8 
416-742-7878 | 

Kenneth E. Campbell, Secretary 

R.R. #1 Milford, Ontario KOK 2P0 
613-476-7382 | 

W. Bruce Miller, Editor 

38 Nightingale Crescent, Elmira, Ontario N3B 1B3 
519-669-1205 | 


Volume 35 - 2012 

R.W. Bro. Charles H.M. Reid, 

Wor. Master 2012 Message 3 

• February 4, 2012 - Black Tie Banquet 

Professor Nick Eyles, Ph.D., D.Sc, P.Geo. 

The Making of CBC's 'Geologic Journey World' 7 

• March 12, 2012 

V.W. Bro. Ernie W. Doughty 

Freemasonry in Napanee 1812-2012 12 

• May 12, 2012 

W. Bro Dale L. Smout, 

History of Norfolk County and the Masons 

W.M. of Norfolk Lodge No.10 37 

• September 19, 2012 

V.W. Bro. Dale Graham 

Living History in Freemasonry. 41 

• October 13, 2012 

W. Bro. Jacques C. Lacourse, 

Nipissing Lodge 420 and Its First Master, Reverend Silas 

Huntington 55 

Officers and Committees 63 

Our Departed Brethren 65 


The contributors to these proceedings are alone responsible for the opinions expressed 
and also for the accuracy of the statements made therein, and do not necessarily reflect 
the opinions of THE HERITAGE LODGE A.F. &A.M. No. 730, G.R.C. 


Worshipful Master's 
Address 2012 

R.W. Bro. Charles H.M. Reid 

It was indeed a great privi- ^^^^^fc&fl 

lege and honour to serve the 

membership of The Heritage >. j 

Lodge No. 730 as their Wor- "" ; ft Jj 

shipful Master for the past | WL M 

year of 2011 - 2012. Thank I ^^^L 

you all for that opportunity j^ ^^▼^'' / 

it was an experience I shall j ^^^ ' ^^B 

always remember. Ik m 

We have had a busy and 

eventful year : ^^k 

On Saturday February 4th W^ ^^^^ ^M 

2012 we held our annual ^W ■» ^P 

black tie banquet at the Ra- ' 

meses Shrine Temple in To- | 

ronto. There was approxi- "" 

mately 150 Brethren and Ladies in attendance. The guest speaker, 
Professor Nick Eyles, gave an excellent powerpoint presentation 
on The Geologic Journey World. A study of rocks and rock forma- 
tions all over the world. 

We also had the distinct pleasure to present 'The William James 
Dunlop Award" to VW Bro. Iain Mackenzie for his continuing ef- 
fort in Masonic research and education in Ontario. 
The Black Tie Banquet continues to be one of the highlights of our 
Lodge year. 

On Saturday March 10th 2012 we visited Union Lodge No. 9 in 
Napanee Ontario. The guest speaker was VW Bro. Ernie Doughty 


who gave an excellent paper on Freemasonry in Napanee from 1812 
- 2012. To help celebrate Union Lodge No. 9 200th Anniversary a 
special Master Masons Apron trimmed in gold with the Lodge crest 
affixed to the lamb skin portion of the apron. The Heritage Lodge 
crest was affixed to the flap. The apron was enclosed in a shadow 
box. This memento was placed in an appropriate location in the 
Lodge Room for the Brethren to see. 

On Saturday May 12th 2012 we visited Norfolk Lodge No. 10 in Sim- 
coe Ontario. The guest speaker was W.Bro. Dale Smount who gave 
an excellent paper on the 'History of Norfolk Lodge No. 10 from 
1803". To help celebrate Norfolk No. 10 200th Anniversary a spe- 
cial Master Masons Apron trimmed in gold with the Lodge crest af- 
fixed to lamb skin portion of the apron. The Heritage Lodge crest 
was affixed to the flap. The apron was enclosed in a shadow box. 
This memento was placed in an appropriate location in the Lodge 
Room for the Brethren to see. 

On Wednesday September 19th 2012 we held our election of offi- 
cers at the Cambridge Masonic Temple. We welcomed the Grand 
Masters representative R.W. Bro. James A. Van Trigt the Grand 
Registrar, on his official visit. Our guest speaker for the evening was 
VW Bro. Dale Graham and his paper was entitled "Living History 
in Freemasonry". 

I would be remiss if I did not mention and recognize the continued 
dedication given by our interpreter's at the Masonic Lodge at Black 
Creek Pioneer Village. Brethren, keep up the good work. 

This past year the following maintenance work was scheduled to 
take place; install new tinted windows, repair the porch, the out- 
side stairs and fire escape was replaced and the building was to be 

Internally we have set up a Committee to review our current by- 
laws and present their suggestions to the Committee of General 


Purposes when the project is completed. 

We are still expanding our Lodge liaison representative committee. 
When completed we will have a contact link in place to our current 
members and potential new members that will be a great benefit to 
us for the future. 

A special thanks to those Lodges who co-operated with us to pro- 
mote Masonic Research papers. Your support was very much ap- 

Finally my Brethren, to the Past Masters, Officers and Members my 
sincere thanks for your enthusiastic participation and co-opera- 

Sincerely and Fraternally, 

Charles H. Reid 
Worshipful Master 
R.W. Bro. Charles H.M. Reid 
Worshipful Master 2011 - 2012 

-Initiated to Temple Lodge No. 525 

- Toronto Lodge of Perfection -A. &A.S.R. 

- Toronto Sovereign Chapter Rose Croix- A. &A.S.R. 

- Moore Sovereign Consistory, Hamilton -A. &A.S.R. 

- Shekinah Royal Arch Chapter No. 138 

- Worshipful Master of Temple Lodge No. 525 

- Worshipful Master of Temple Lodge No. 525 

- Worshipful Master of Temple Lodge No. 525 

- District Deputy Grand Master - Toronto District 1 

- Worshipful Master of Temple Lodge No. 525 

- Worshipful Master of Kilwinning Lodge No. 565 

- Worshipful Master of Kilwinning Lodge No. 565 

- Grand Lodge - Lodge of Instruction Committee 

- Worshipful Master of Runnymede Lodge No. 619 
-Appointed to the Grand Lodge Board of General Purposes 

- Member of the Grand Lodge 150th Anniversary Committee 
-President of Toronto Shrine Club - A.A.O.NM.S. 

- Coronated Honorary Inspector General 33° A. &A.S.R. 







The Making of CBC's 
'Geologic Journey World' 

By Nick Eyles, Ph.D (East Anglia) and D.Sc. (Leicester) 
Professor of Geology at the University of Toronto 

Date: February 4, 2012 

This talk is based on the 5 part Geologic Journey - World television 
series which first aired on Canadian Broadcasting Corporation's 
'Nature of Things' with David Suzuki in late 2010, which I was for- 
tunate enough to host. After 12 months of research, we visited 23 
countries over some 8 months of shooting to show how our planet 
works. In so doing we met some fantastic people along the way of- 
ten living in geologically dangerous areas such as around the slopes 
of volcanoes. 

There is no such thing as terra firma. What may appear as 'rock 
solid' is actually illusory. The Earth's outer crust is a brittle shell 
broken into large 'tectonic plates' that slide over weak plastic rocks 
below. Tectonic plates are formed along the centre lines of oceans 
where giant plumes of hot plastic rock in the mantle feed liquid 
magma to the ocean floor adding new 'oceanic crust' in the process 
and pushing older crust aside. On the far sides of the same oceans 
slabs of cooled, thickened and very heavy oceanic crust sink back 
down into the soft mantle below pulling the rest of the ocean floor 
behind them. Continents are pushed around as oceans widen and 
later converge when they close. 

Many times in the past, continents have come together to form 
larger land areas called supercontinents that were surrounded by a 
single large ocean. Their fragmentation creates new narrow oceans 
that widen as they age pushing continents apart and overriding the 
old ocean floor crust that once surrounded the supercontinent. The 
closure and ultimate death of oceans is inevitable and a new super- 


Prof. Nick Eyles and film crew researching in the field of a volcano. 

continent forms as continents slowly congregate together. Today, 
the Pacific Ocean is slowly being strangled, the Atlantic Ocean is in 
late middle age and the location of the next supercontinent is al- 
ready in sight. This cycle has been in operation for billions of years. 
Like numbers on a clock face marking the passage of time, so suc- 
cessive supercontinents divide up Earth's long history into distinct 

The entire Earth's surface whether the highest mountains or the 
deepest ocean floor is moving at several centimeters a year. Once 
was a hypothesis ('plate tectonics') can now be proven using satel- 
lite geographic positioning systems that measure plate movement 
in real time. Some areas are also being uplifted as well, whereas oth- 
ers are slowly subsiding. Over millions of years, small changes cre- 
ate enormous changes to the Earth's surface. The Earth's surface 
was not created the way we see it today but is the product of billions 
of years of plate tectonics; a work in progress continuously reshap- 
ing and reinventing itself. 


Geologists tend to be pre-occupied with 'tectonics.' The word is 
borrowed from Latin and Greek meaning 'to build.' Sir Christo- 
pher Wren actually used it during the construction of St. Paul's Ca- 
thedral in London, England in the 1670's. The term 'plate tectonics' 
describes the life cycle of the two dozen or so large plates of brittle 
crust that shuffle around the planet's surface. They are formed, 
move, collide, and are sometimes destroyed all the while continu- 
ously changing the Earth's surface and the distribution of land and 
sea. This transformative process has been going on for at least 3.5 
billion years and will continue to do so until the planet runs out of 
heat in another 4 billion years time. Or at least it will if we don't get 
caught up in an exploding sun. 

Geology (ge-ol'-o-gy) is the study of Planet Earth, currently as- 
sessed to be 4.567 billion years old, an enormity of deep time that 
stretches our comprehension. Starting as a glowing spinning ball 
of molten magma under constant bombardment by meteorites, 
oceans slowly pooled on its surface as water was squeezed from the 
planet's interior. Oceans and the atmosphere above have been pro- 
tected from the Solar wind by the Earth's magnetic field created by 
the internal churnings of the mantle and core. Once oceans formed 
another dramatic transformation could took place in the planet's 
geography. Plates of quenched basalt crust were shoved deep below 
their warmer thinner neighbors, remelting to produce lighter more 
buoyant granite crust erupted back to the surface by volcanoes. 4 
billion years ago, these built the earliest continents as rafts float- 
ing on denser crust below. Without water, there would have been 
no continents. 

Earth history is ironically not about rocks but really all about wa- 
ter; the life and death of oceans. Shuffle plates around and sooner or 
later an ocean is going to disappear, its floor crushed below collid- 
ing continents. Elsewhere, continents break apart and in the pro- 
cess create brand new oceans. This is the basic rhythm of Earth his- 
tory and was first appreciated by a Canadian right here in Ontario. 





The 'Wilson cycle', 
named after the 
Jack Tuzo Wilson, is 
one of the 'really big 
ideas' in geology. It 
simplifies the many 
complex seemingly 
chaotic events of 
Earth history into 
several big chapters. 
Each describes the 
formation and ulti- 
mately fragmenta- 
tion of a large su- 
percontinent made 

by the collision and amalgamation of smaller continents. With any 
supercontinents there is only one enormous surrounding ocean; 
when the supercontinents fragment, a host of other oceans result. 
We are in the late stages of that process today; the Pacific Ocean is 
closing and the others are just about to start closing. Pangea II (also 
called Amasia by some) is in the process of forming today as the Pa- 
cific Ocean shrinks below the surrounding Pacific Rim and as the 
aging Atlantic is just about to. 

So Earth history is really all about the life history of the ocean ba- 

The cyclic pattern of continent amalgamation and then breakup 
takes at least 500 million years to complete and geologists recognize 
five such cycles which from oldest to youngest are: Ur, Kenorland, 
Columbia- Nena, Rodinia and Pangea. These make up the chapters 
of Earth history as it has been written so far. 

Geologists spend entire careers trying to figure out what past 
world's looked like. Imagine being able to name an ancient ocean. 
This is the science of 'paleogeography' and it's not just an academic 


Prof. Nick Eyles on location in the Rift Valley of Africa 

exercise for absent minded professors. Many mineral deposits on 
which our future depends tend to form in certain tectonic settings, 
more commonly in areas where ancient lands collided and oceans 
died. These events are recorded by ancient mountain ranges, now 
worn down and only their deep folded roots exposed, preserved 
deep within existing continents. Oil, coal and gas too, tend to occur 
in certain well defined areas where subsidence of the earth's crust 
allowed great thicknesses of sediment to accumulate and retain or- 
ganic matter. The postponement of 'peak oil' until mid century as a 
consequence of major discoveries in technological frontiers such as 
in very deep water, is due to better knowledge of earth history and 
new technologies of seeing deep into the crust. The mantle and its 
valuable resources now beckons. 

On an even grander note, our planet's biological history tracks too the 
comings and goings of oceans. Our species evolved within the confines 
of the East African Rift where a brand new ocean is now developing. 




1812 - 2012 

By V.W. Bro. Ernie W. Doughty 
Date: March 12, 2012 

During the years 1994 to 1999, when I held the position of Secretary 
of Union Lodge No. 9, Napanee, Ontario, I discovered that many of 
our lodge historians had written about our past. Their stories in- 
trigued me and I began my own personal project into how we came 
into being. With notes from the late V. W. Bro. Dale Clarke, a for- 
mer lodge historian, my interest intensified. While it seemed to be 
in the distant future, our Bicentennial in 2012 was on the horizon. 
Armed with the assistance of old minute books and registers, the 
proceedings from The Grand Lodge of Canada in the Province of On- 
tario, files from Grand Lodge, newspaper articles and information 
garnered from the archives of The Lennox and Addington County 
Museum, I set out to put together a book with supporting evidence 
which would preserved the records and facts about us. I would sup- 
plement this information with interviews of our senior members 
and add pictures of significant documents andbuildings. 

This project has never ceased to remind me of an advertisement by 
the makers of Kleenex facial tissue. Remember that one? "Pull up 
one, Up pops another!" That's the way it was and that's the way it 
still is with my project. It seems that nearly every discovery which 
I make leads to more tangents to follow. Hopefully the future will al- 
low me the time to follow along some of the paths yet to be explored 
and recorded. 

Dr. Victor Rabinovitch, who was the President and Chief Executive 


Officer of the Canadian Museum of Civilization from 2000 to 2011, 
made the following statement and I quote: 

"A country without a history is a country without a person- 

The same applies to a lodge. The personalityofUnion Lodge No. 9 
wasdevelopedandenhancedbythemanymen who, each in his own 
way, contributed to the longevity of Freemasonry in the Napanee 
area. Every man who passed through the pillars at the entrance 
to our lodge room had similar experiences as they completed the 
three degrees. Those who dropped out alongthe way only got a mere 
glimpse into the secrets and mysteries of our fraternity. Those who 
travelled through the offices and reached the East left an indelible 
markinthe personalityofUnion Lodge. Each showed great perse- 
verance as he mastered the work and passed his knowledge along 
to those who followed. Those who chose to serve only on the side 
benches were the ones that made the officer's work possible by their 
constant support. To paraphrase a quotation from a speech of 
John F. Kennedy, the late President of the United States of Amer- 
ica, these brethren did not ask what the lodge could do for them but 
rather what they could do for their lodge. 


Our beginnings have been recorded in a number of ways and by vari- 
ous people including the historians of our own lodge. The in- 
formation below, which was prepared by and forwarded to me in 
2010 by the Grand Historian, Bro. Michael Jenkyns, shows the regis- 
ters under which we existed from 1812 to the present. So that those 
who read this history will have a better understanding of the terms, 
I have included this explanation: 

• PRUC(A) = Provincial Register of Upper Canada (Ancients) 

• PRUC = Provincial Register of Upper Canada, 

• ER(A) = United Grand Lodge of England(Ancients) 


• ER = United Grand Lodge of England, 

• PRCW = Provincial Register of Canada West 

• AGLC = Ancient Grand Lodge of Canada 

• GRC = Grand Register of Canada 

From 1812 to 1818 we were recorded as Lodge No. 25 PRUC(A) lo- 
cated at Richmond Mills, Richmond Township in Lennox County. 

From 1812 to 1822 we were recorded as Union Lodge No. 25 
PRUC(A) located at Richmond Mills, Richmond Township in Len- 
nox County. 

From 1822 to 1832 we were recorded as Union Lodge No. 766 ER(A) 
located at Richmond Mills, Richmond Township in Lennox County. 

From 1822 to 1845 we were recorded as Union Lodge No. 13 PRUC 
located at Richmond Mills, Richmond Township in Lennox County. 

From 1832 to 1858 we were recorded as Union Lodge No. 499 ER 
located at Richmond Mills, Richmond Township in Lennox County. 

From 1845 to 1857 we were recorded as Union Lodge No. 6 PRCW 
located at Richmond Mills, Richmond Township in Lennox County, 

From 1857 to 1858 we were recorded as Union Lodge No. 6 AGLC 
located, Napanee. 

From 1858 to 1859 we were recorded as Union Lodge No. 6 GRC lo- 
cated, Napanee. From 1859 to the present we are recorded as Union 
Lodge No. 9 GRC located at Napanee. 

Not only did our name and number change throughout the years 
but also the district to which we belonged changed as well. From 
1855 to 1859 we were part of Central District and from 1859 to 1886 
Prince Edward District. From 1886 to the present we have been 


part of Frontenac District which in the early days was called Fron- 
tenac District 14. 

During 2010/11 and 2011/12 I was asked to prepare and present, in 
lodge, what became known as The Masonic History Byte. Each Byte 
was composed of information relevant to the nearly 200 years of 
Freemasonry in the Napanee area. Such is the following presenta- 
tion which exemplifies those who gave Union Lodge No. 9 a person- 


"The weather in the early Spring in the Midland District of Up- 
per Canada was usually unpredictable. The run off from the win- 
ter left the roads, which were poor at the best of times, in even worse 
condition. As the sun rose higher in the sky, they were muddy and 
partially covered with unmelted snow. Late Spring saw deep ruts 
appear which made for a rough ride for the occupants of the bug- 
gies and farm wagons who used them. These conditions took their 
toll not only on the passengers but also on the vehicles and on the 
horses which pulled them. 

The summers were warm and pleasant. The cleared fields were ac- 
tively producing hay and grain crops while the orchards of native 
apple trees were buzzing with the purveyors of pollen as they pro- 
vided the ingredients which would produce a delicious harvest. The 
days were long, the work hard but, in general, life was good. 

September and October brought a new and vivid landscape. The co- 
lours of orange, yellow and red provided a brilliant backdrop to the 
little settlement of Clarkville which sprung up on the south shore of 
the Napanee River near the "Appanea falls". Realizing the potential 
of the falls Robert Clark, after whom the settlement was named, 
built a sawmill there in 1785. The sawmill supplied the lumber used 
the next year by Clark to erect a flour mill. Now there was a mill to 
provide the lumber to build homes and farm buildings and a mill to 
grind the grain, produced by the local farmers, into flour. 


Around 1812, Allan MacPherson appeared on the scene and 
rented the mill which Clark had built. MacPherson, some years 
later, established a settlement on the north shore of the river. With 
the crops safely stored in barns, the wood sheds stacked high with 
split wood and kindling, and the fruit cellars filled with harvested 
fruit and vegetables, both the farm and town folks awaited the com- 
ing of another Canadian winter. The winters could be harsh and 
long. The winds blew the snow into drifts around the homes and 
plugged the gravel roads within the town and beyond. Out came 
the sleighs and cutters. Out came the fur coats and foot warmers. 
Travel was difficult and at times impossible. 

Such were the conditions which our brethren experienced as the 
seasons changed. On the Friday night preceding the full moon, the 
Freemasons of Clarkville and those who worked the neighbour- 
ing farms made their way to lodge in Fredericksburgh. Although 
undocumented by the writer, it has been suggested that the breth- 
ren of St. James' Lodge No. 7 met at Conway which is 22 km south of 
Napanee. The roads south of Napanee have changed greatly since 
the area was settled. Getting to Conway in 2012 is quite direct but 
the brethren would have been forced to travel in 1812 by a much 
more circuitous route. This of course would make attending lodge 
a very full evening." 

What you are about to read now is in part fact and in part fiction. 
One might refer to it as historical fiction. Travel back with me now 
to the fall of 1811. 

A small group of Masons from St. James' Lodge No. 7, Fredericks- 
burg sat around an old wooden table at the local country hotel 
which was located about a mile west of Napanee on the Deseronto 
Road. The place, which was empty except for them, was run by one 
of their own. Thus, it was easy to have an in-depth discussion about 
their concerns. Some of the questions and comments may have 
been as follows: 


Why do we need to go to Fredericksburgh to meet? 

Why can't we establish a Masonic lodge closer to home? It's so far 
after a long day in the hot summer sun. 

In the spring the roads are a mess and both my buggy and horse 
come home covered in mud. 

Yes, but don't forget that your old horse Tilly always gets you home 
even if you fall asleep. 

"True enough," says "old uncle George Scriver" of Big Creek 
amidst the laughter. 

Then we have the ruts to deal with as the roads dry out. 

I can't remember the number of times that I have had to go to 
the blacksmith to have a wheel repaired. 

When harvest comes we have to work harder to get things done 
before winter. 

Winter - that's when the distance to the lodge room seems to get 

Even though we sometimes are able to go across the fields and 
avoid the roads, it's still a challenge for the horses to pull my cut- 

After all the complaining and grumbling not one of these men sug- 
gested that the answer would be to take a demit. Being devoted to 
the "mysteries and privileges" of the craft, a demit was never con- 
sidered. As the eveninglengthened, a voice of reason emanatedfrom 
the group. 

The voice was that of Joseph Pringle - a farmer and a magistrate. 


In the History of Freemasonry in Canada by John Ross Robert- 
son, Pringle is described as"aworthymanwithafair education, and 
stoodaboutsixfeetinheight". Whenhe stood at the end of the table 
to summarize the comments of his fellows, everyone listened. 

"Let us ask the brethren of our lodge in Fredericksburgh to peti- 
tion the Grand Lodge of Free Masons of Upper Canada in support 
of a lodge to be held in Richmond Township," he suggested. It was 
agreed that this was the best approach and if the request to warrant a 
new lodge was not granted - so be it. 

The Brethren of the Fredericksburgh Lodge No. 7, who supported 
the friends from Richmond, put forth the following petition for a 
warrant for a new lodge in Richmond Township: 

"To William Jarvis, Esq., Right Worshipful Master and Wardens of 
the Grand Lodge of Free Masons of Upper Canada. 

The Petition of the Subscribers, Brother Members of Lodge No. 7, 
in the Midland District, Upper Canada, Humbly Sheweth: 

That your Petitioners live a Considerable distance from the above 
named lodge, which makes it inconvenient for them to attend to 
their duty, wherefore, they humbly pray that your Worship will 
be most graciously pleased to grant them a Warrant to Establish 
a Lodge, in the Township of Richmond, in the Midland District , 
Upper Canada. Should your Worship be pleased to grant the Pe- 
titioners their prayer, request that the following persons may be 
appointed their officers, that is to say: Joseph Pringle, Master; 
Jehial Hawley, Sen'r Warden; and Elisha Phillips, Jun'r Warden; and 
your Petitioners as in duty Bound will pray. 

Signed by the order of the Master 

Duncan Bell, M. Daniel Kingsbery S.W., Gilbert Sharp, J.W., B.C. 

Spencer, Secretary, P.T." 


On February 4, 1812, the brethren of St. James' Lodge No. 7, Fred- 
ericksburgh endorsed the above petition and attached their signa- 
tures to it. It was then forwarded to William Jarvis, Esq. the Right 
Worshipful Master of the Grand Lodge of Free Masons of Upper 
Canada. It gained his approval and he instructed the officers of St. 
James' Lodge No. 7, Fredericksburgh to install the officers of the new 
lodge to be held in Richmond Township. The records of St James' 
Lodge No. 7, Fredericksburgh state as follows: 

"Agreeable to the instructions from the Grand Lodge, No. 7 as- 
sembled at Abel Gould's, on 11 th of March 1812, in the Township of 
Richmond, for the purpose of installing Richmond Lodge, at pres- 
ent without number. 

Bro. D. Bell, Master of the Chair, Bro. M. Laraway, Past Master, Bro. 
J. Cornsolus, Past Master. 

Then proceeded to open a Master's Lodge and proceeded to Install 
Joseph Pringle, Worshipful Master Jehial Hawley, Senior Warden 
Elisha Phillips, Junior Warden. 

Then closed the Master's lodge in order to open that of an 
Entered Apprentice. 

Lodge closed in peace and harmony at 8 o'clock." 

On March 11, 2012 we will have "attended to our duty" as Free- 
masons in the town of Napanee for 200 years. 

War with the United States broke out shortly after our lodge was 
formed and the Pringles were members of the militia. Thus the 
lodge may not have met on a regular basis. John Ross Robertson's 
History indicates that Joseph Pringle represented our lodge at the 
Kingston Convention held on August 17, 1817, at other Conventions 
held February 1819, and February 1821. He also attended the first 


meeting of the Provincial Grand Lodge of Upper Canada at York in 
1822. Just where the lodge met during the early years is unknown 
but from the information cited above, we did indeed meet, some- 
where. Let's take a look at the known places. 

MEETING PLACES 1812 - 2012 

Richmond Township in the Midland District of Upper Canada saw 
its first warranted lodge of Freemasons established on March 11, 
1812. Atthattime,itwasnotunusualforlodgesto meet in the homes 
of members especially when a new lodge was being established. 
Such was the case with what is now Union Lodge No. 9. From the 
very beginnings until the present day, we have met in the following 


Bro. Gould's residence was located in Richmond Township on lot 10. 
It was at his home on the Deseronto Road and just a few kilometers 
west of Napanee where the officers of the new lodge were installed 
by the officers of St. James' Lodge No. 7 of Fredericksburgh. On that 
occasion, March 11, 1812, Brother Joseph Pringle was installed as the 
Worshipful Master. 


Did having a house large enough to accommodate the brethren 
make one a more acceptable candidate for the fraternity? Perhaps 
this was one of the earliest secrets of Union Lodge No. 9. On June 
19, 1812, John Pringle was made a Mason, in his home, in an upstairs 
room, by his own brother, Worshipful Brother Joseph Pringle. 

FROM 1812 TO 1858 

Duringtheseyears one can only speculate as to where lodge meetings 
were held. Joseph Pringle is said to have operated a tavern near the 
corner of County Road 2 (formerly the Deseronto Road) and Slash 
Road. In the early days a ferry dock was located immediately across 
from this location. Perhaps the lodge met at the tavern for a num- 
ber of years. On June 18, 1812, the United States declared war against 


the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Joseph Pringle 
and his sons were active during the war which ended with the Treaty 
of Ghent on December 24,1814. Due to a fire in 1865 the minute 
books of the lodge are missing for that time period. 


The Assessment Rolls for Napanee, which are archived at the Len- 
nox and Addington County Museum, record the next knownmeeting 
place of the Freemasons. Meetingswere heldfroml858untill863in 
abuildingonLot4,eastsideof JohnStreet. The assessment rolls re- 
cord that the Freemasons rented the third floor . The building be- 
longed to a Thomas Trimble and housed the Berkley Photography 
Studies on the first floor. The building is still located between the 
former post office and James McCutcheon Insurance. 

A. B. DUNNING DRY GOOD STORE (1864 - 1865) 

The minute books of Union Lodge mention the lodge locations 
from here forward and they have recorded that we met on the 
third floor of the Alfred B. Dunning building which is located 
on Lot 9, north side of Dundas Street. At the present time the 
ground floor of that building is occupied by Mayhew Jewellers. 

Our stay there was shortened by a fire which occurred on Thursday 
morning October 10, 1865. That fire was reported in the October 12, 
1865 edition of the Napanee Standard. 

The following is an excerpt from that report: 


"On Thursday morning last, between the hours of 1 and 2 o'clock, we 
were aroused from our slumbers by the alarm of fire, and hurrying 
up the street we found the building occupied by our contemporary 
the Ledger in flames. 

The publisher, Mr. Kennedy, and a boy employed in the office, bare- 
ly escaped with their lives, and were obliged to make a hasty exit 


through a second story window in the rear. 

The building on the east of the Ledger, owned and occupied by A. B. 
Dunning, Esq., was also destroyed, the flames first taking effect in 
the wooden buildings at the rear. This building might have been 
saved, had there been an engine and plenty of water on hand. Mr. 
Dunning had no stock in his store at the time, and the greater part 
of his household furniture, &c, was saved, though much damaged 
from the hasty removal. The Freemasons occupied the third story 
of this building as a Lodge room, and a great deal of their furniture, 
carpets, etc., were destroyed. There was a light breeze from the 
north at the time, and when the doors and windows burned out of 
Mr. Dunning's building there was a draft through which it carried a 
sea of flames nearly across the street. 

The furniture of the Masonic Lodge was insured for $150.00. The 
origin of the fire is unknown." 

The very day of the fire a meeting was held at the office of Bro. Clem- 
ent for the purpose of deliberating upon the matter of the late 
fire. The Worshipful Master, H. M. Wright presided and thirteen 
officers and members were in attendance. An inventory of the lodge 
furniture, etc. at the time of the fire was determined to be $380.55. 
The value of what was saved totalled $112.75. A claim for the total 
loss of $267.80 was submitted to the British 


No itemized list of the losses is available but one of the items saved 
was the charter from Grand Lodge. The flames did not destroy the 
document but a hole was burned in it at the time . 

The jewels and aprons must have been lost as the minutes of the 
December 1, 1865 meeting instruct R. W. Bro. Davy to procure re- 
placements for them. Any other minute books, registers and other 
files must have perished. The oldest minute book available to us to- 
day, dates from December 1863. Perhaps it was at the home of the 
secretary when the fire occurred. 


FORMER COMMON SCHOOL (December, 1865 - July, 1868) 

In December the Freemasons of the area had found a place 
to gather the brethren together for the combined Installation and 
Investiture of the officers of Union Lodge No. 9, Napanee, Prince of 
Wales Lodge No. 146, Newburgh and Maple Leaf Lodge No. 119, 
Bath. They met in a vacant school house on Lot 7 on the west side 
of Robert Street just north of what was then the Episcopal Meth- 
odist Church and now Grace United Church. The building at this 
time was owned by the School Trustees and it was to them that the 
lodge paid rent. The new West Ward school had been built and 
the former common school was no longer needed for educational 

By April of 1866, Union Lodge No. 9 had appointed a committee 
to investigate the possibility of leasing or purchasing the building. 
Sometime after Union Lodge moved to this new location the build- 
ing must have been purchased by the Cartwright family. 

At the April 12, 1867 meeting a motion to purchase the property 
from the Cartwright Estate for $200.00 was approved. A payment 
of $50.00 was paid after thelodgereceived"agoodandsufhcient deed 
of said premisses". The remaining $150.00 was to be paid in equal in- 
stallments over the next four years. Thus the lodge seemed to be 
settled in their own building. That was not the case for the mem- 
bers were soon looking for another place to meet. The school build- 
ing still stands but has been converted to a duplex. 

A. C. DAVIS RUILDING (July, 1868 - April 1872) 

By October, 1867the membership was once more lookingfor another 
location. No reason was given in the minutes but a committee was 
formed to meet with Mr. Alexander C. Davis to ascertain if an ar- 
rangement could be made with him to lease a lodge room in the new 
brick building which he was erecting on Dundas Street. By May, 
1868 a committee was appointed and empowered to lease space for 
a lodge room for a term often years in his building. The privilege of 
renewing the same at the same rent was part of the lease. 


On Friday, July 31, 1868 lodge was regularly opened at 8:00 p.m. in 
the new hall above the A. C. Davis Store. At that meeting the breth- 
ren voted to procure seats, blinds for the windows, suitable carpet 
and lamps. It was also moved; seconded and carried that the fol- 
lowing notice be placed in the "Napanee Standard" offering the 
old lodge room on Robert Street for sale. 

The A C. Davis Store was located on Lots 8 and 9 on the north side of 
Dundas Street. At present (2012) the building houses a Dollar Store at 
ground level. Over the years it has been a movie theatre and a Biway 
store. The facade still gives it the appearance of a movie theatre. 

CARTWRIGHT BLOCK (April, 1872 - July 1888) 

In the 1860's the Cartwright Family erected a new building on Lot 
11, Mill Reserve, south side of Dundas Street, north of the canal and 
river. In 1871, although the Masonic lodge was under a ten year lease 
with A. C. Davis, an emergent meeting was held on Saturday, April 15, 
to consider a move to a new location. At that meeting it was decided 
to secure a room on the third floor of the Cartwright Building, occu- 
pied by 1861 by J. C. Huffman, a druggist. A committee was formed 
immediately with the responsibility of moving the furniture from 
theoldtothenewlodgeroomin Huffman's Hall. The lodge was of- 
fered the opportunity of having the room heated by hot air but de- 
cided to have it heated with "proper stoves" instead. The Worship- 
ful Master, G. A. Wright, was assigned the task of meeting with Mr. 
Davis to negotiate a release from our ten year commitment to him. 

On April 5, 1872 Union Lodge No. 9 held its first meeting in Huffman's 
Hall in the Cartwright Block. Inl904theHuffman'sceasedtobe ten- 
ants and the building was rented to the Daly Tea Company. In 1969 
the building was purchased by Mr. Ross Head where for many years 
he operated Head's Home Interiors. Located today across from 
Tim Horton's, it is still known as the Daly Tea Building but has been 
converted into apartments. 


COOK BUILDING (1888 - 1919) 

This building was constructed on Lot 5, south side of Dundas 
Street. It was built by Dr. Herman L. Cook and after completion 
was occupied by four stores on the first level. On October 22, 1886, 
new building. 

"Upstairs are numerous offices and halls which will be rented to 
professional men and societies". Union Lodge No. 9 was to become 
one of those "societies". 

On Monday, March 12, 1888 a special meeting was held at which a 
committee was appointed to look into a new lodge room. Latterthat 
same month the lodge gave approval for the committee to enter into 
an agreement with Dr. Cook, for a ten year lease of a lodge room on 
the third floor. Dr. Cook, a member of Union Lodge No. 9, agreed to 
rent the lodge a room for $90.00 annually. From Friday, December 
6, 1889 until January 31, 1901 the minute book is blank. It was not 
until February 1, 1901 that the recorded minutes of the lodge are 
once again available. During that time period the Grand Master, M. 
W. Bro. KT.Walkem was invited todedicate the newlodge room. On 
December 21, 1889, Walter Stevens Herrington applied for initia- 
tion and on January 21,1890 his application was approved. When 
the records of the lodge reappear February 1, 1901, W. S. Herrington 
was the Worshipful Master. 

At the Wednesday, December 27, 1905 meeting the death of Dr. H. L. 
Cook, from whom we rented the lodge room, was noted in the min- 
utes. His wife continued as owner of the building after the death of 
her husband. The lodge room at this time was lighted with gas fix- 
tures but in May 1908 the Board of General Purposes was instruct- 
ed to investigate the installation of electric lights. Mrs. Hall was 
informed that the roof was leaking and needed repairs. At the De- 
cember 24, 1909 meeting a motion was passed to pay The Gibbard 
Furniture Company $7.65 for a sideboard and The Coxall Company 
$16.72 for dishes. On April 1912, The Seymour Power and Electric 


Company was asked to install temporary lighting down the centre 
of the lodge room. This installation must have proved satisfactory 
for on March 13, 1912 The Seymour Power and Electric Company 
was paid $125.00 for wiring and fixtures. A worshipful master's 
chair was purchased from Bro. M. B. Judson for $50.00 in 1914. In 
December 1915 abill for $10.00 was paid to cover the cost of one cord 
of hard wood, cut, split and carried to the top of the stairs. A piano 
was to be procured for the hall at a cost of $2.00 per month. 

ROYAL BANK BUILDING (1920 - 1941) 

By 1920 Mrs. Hall had sold the building to the Royal Bank and at 
the October 22, 1920 lodge meeting the following report was pre- 

"Union Lodge # 9, A. F. & A. M., G. R. C. 

Your Committee to whom was referred the matter of the enlarged 
quarters for the Lodge beg leave to report as follows: 

We entered into correspondence with Royal Bank, the owners of 
the block in which the Lodge is now located in respect to securing 
the whole of the 3 rd floor of the said block and arranged that we 
could secure the whole floor at an annual rental of $150.00 per an- 
num and taxes with a lease for ten years and the right to renewal for 
a further period. 

The Bank would make an allowance of $225.00 by way of repairs 
to our present quarters, but any repairs or improvements that we 
would make to the balance of the building would have to be done at 
our charge and expenses and under the supervision of the Bank's 

The Committee would recommend that this offer of the Bank be 
accepted, that the East side of the flat be fixed over for a Banquet 
Hall with Kitchen in the rear and with suitable water and lavatory 
conveniences; that the present Banquet Hall be used for a cloak and 
lounge room. 


It is roughly estimated the costs of making suitable repairs and al- 
terations would be approximately $1,000.00. The Committee fur- 
ther learned that many of the Brethren would have a preference, 
that we have in view the obtaining of a suitable building of our own 
at as early a date as possible and if this be decided upon, that no ac- 
tion be taken to enlarge present quarters. 

Your Committee in view of the importance of the matter and in or- 
der that a full report be obtained do recommend that the following 
committee, namely, R. W.Bros. Shannon and Herrington, W.Bros. J. 
W. Robinson, H. A. Wood, H. Daly and C. A. Walters and Bro. W. H. 
Boyle be a special committee to take the whole question of Lodge 
accommodation into consideration including negotiations with 
the Royal Arch Chapter and report with recommendations to the 
Lodge at the next regular communication. 

All of which is respectfully submitted - 

Signed by W. A. Grange, Secretary of the Committee" 

Atthe December 17, 1920 meetingthe following amendment was 
made to the report at the request of the Royal Bank: 

"Re; Communication from the Royal Rank 

V. W. Bro. W. A. Grange and W. Bro. J. G. Fennell moved: 'that the 
report of the Special Committee in Lodge Accommodation be 
amended by eliminating the clause respecting the terminating of 
the lease 'by giving six months notice' and substituting therefore a 
term 'that the lease may be terminated at anytime after 5 years by 
giving one year's notice." Carried 

On February 18, 1921 the Worshipful Master and Secretary were 
authorized to sign a lease with the Royal Bank based on the re- 
port with amendments as outlined above. Around this time a 
new piano was purchased for $180.00 along with new kitchen 
equipment at a cost of $200.00. It was felt that the kitchen equip- 


ment should now make it possible to accommodate 120 guests. On 
February 24, 1922, the Grand Master, M.W. Bro. W. N. Ponton visited 
the lodge to commemorate the opening of the new banquet hall and 
newly decorated lodge room. 

During our visit to the third floor of the Royal Bank building in Jan- 
uary 2012, it was easy to determine that this must have been a very 
spacious and beautiful lodge room with elaborate plaster moldings 
located below the ceilings which have now been removed. The loca- 
tion of the electrical outlets, which would have supplied power to 
the Altar and Lesser Lights, were quite evident. It would have been 
possible to enter the lodge room directly from the banquet hall or 
through the ornate wooden sliding doors at the south end of the 
room. The lavatory conveniences, which are now in sad shape, are 
located in the corridor immediately outside the lodge room doors. 
A dressing room which was accessible from the corridor as well as 
the lodge room was part of the overall layout. 

At the December 11, 1936 meeting a motion to renew the lease with 
the Royal Bank was approved. The rent agreed upon would be 
$100.00 per year plus the taxes. 

Unfortunately the area has fallen into disrepair and the cost to re- 
store it to its original state would be humongous. It has been nec- 
essary to install tie rods across the room and large wooden beams 
have been installed to support the roof. 

(1941 - 2012) 

On Sunday, June 26, 1938 the brethren held a Divine Service at 
the above location which was then known as St. Andrew's United 
Church. They were impressed with the building which was likely to 
be sold. The Methodist churches just down Bridge Street were now 
known as Grace United and Trinity United and the parishioners at 
St. Andrew's saw no reason to have three United Churches in the 


At the regular lodge meeting on September 8, 1939, a committee 
was formed to obtain information regarding the purchase of St. An- 
drew's as a suitable building for lodge purposes. In December, 1939 
an architect, J. A. Thompson of Belleville was secured to prepare a 
report regarding the cost of repairs needed to the property and the 
cost of altering it for lodge purposes. 

It would appear from the minutes during this time period that the 
brethren gave great consideration as to the venture into which they 
were entering. Some were ready to get on with it while others were 
less excited and there were those who wanted to abandon the idea 

The architect's first report called for very extensive alterations. He 
suggested that doors on Bridge Street be sealed with stone from the 
steps and that the entrance to the building be relocated to the north 
east corner. The blueprints, which show these changes, are on file 
at the Lennox and Addington County Museum. They were too ex- 
pensive and he was asked to submit another set of plans. The second 
set which called for renovations costing $3,000 were accepted after 
a great deal of soul searching and promised financial commitment 
by the membership. 

"Friday, June 14, 1940 

It was moved and seconded "That Union Lodge proceed with the 
purchase of the St. Andrew's Church property and that a sum not 
exceeding $1,500 be taken from the Reserve Fund of the lodge and 
used for this purpose, providing that the sum of $3,000 can be raised 
by general subscription from among the lodge members to pay for 
the necessary alterations and repairs to the property and that no 
binding agreement of purchase be made until the said $3,000 is col- 

The lodge was called from labour at 9:45 p.m. to discuss this matter 
and resumed labour at 10:45 p.m. The motion was carried. 

It was moved and seconded "That the option as stated (90 days) in 


the letter from the Secretary Treasurer of St. Andrew's Church be 

It was moved in amendment "That the W. M. and Secretary be au- 
thorized to endeavour to secure an option for a period of six months 
from June 8, 1940 and that a deposit of $50.00 be made as required". 
This amendment was lost and the original motion carried." 

In order to gain the consensus of all the brethren the following 
amendment was made to the above motion at the October meeting: 
"Friday October 11, 1940 

Motion to wholly or partially rescind motion of June 14,1940 to pur- 
chase St. Andrew's Church property was made and carried. 

Motion of June 14,1940 to purchase St. Andrew's Church property 
was partially rescinded by deleting all the words after "for this 
purpose". The motion was amended to read that any member not 
happy with the change in the original motion could, if he applied 
to the secretary before the next regular meeting, have all or part of 
his contribution to the Masonic Temple Fund refunded. Carried." 

At the November 1, 1940 meeting, things were finalized and it 
was reported that the Agreement of Sale of St. Andrew's Church 
property was made. The agreement made between The VENDOR 
(The Trustees of St. Andrew's United Church) and the PURCHAS- 
ER (Union Lodge No. 9 A. F. and A. M., G. R. C) reads, in part, as 

"The Vendor agrees to sell and the Purchaser agrees to buy all and 
singular those certain parcels or tracts of land and premises situat- 
ed, lying andbeing composed of Lots 22, 23 and 24 on the north side 
of Bridge Street in the Town of Napanee in the County of Lennox 
and Addington: FOR THE SUM OF $1,500.00 payable as follows: 

The sum of $50.00 previously paid is hereby acknowledged and a 


further sum of $450.00 on the date hereof and the sum of $1,000.00 
shall become due and payable on or before the 30th day of June, 
1941 together with interest on the said sum of $1,000.00 to be com- 
puted at the rate of 5% per annum from the date hereof until the 
sum is fully paid, the said interest to be payable on the same date as 
the $1,000.00 is payable. 

To save any misunderstanding it is provided that the following 
goods and chattels which maybe on the premises do not pass to the 
Purchaser, namely - the pews, music, Sunday School Library books, 
pictures andblackboards." 

Not since the lodge purchased the former Grammar School in 1867 
had Union Lodge had a building which they owned. With M. W. Bro. 
W. S. Herrington at the helm, the brethren applied for a dispensa- 
tion from Grand Lodge to hold a ceremony of dedication for the new 
home of Union Lodge No. 9. Grand Lodge granted a dispensation for 
this to occur and the following is an excerpt from the minutes: 

"Wednesday, October 22,1941 

M. W. Bro. W. S. Herrington assumed the gavel and the ceremony 
of dedicating the lodge rooms for masonic purposes was conducted 
and completed in required form with great dignity and solemnity. 

The Grand Master M. W. Bro. John A. McRae and many members of 
Grand Lodge were in attendance. 

Bro. T Herrington and Bro. H. L. VanLuven were presented with 
Masonic gold rings by the members of Union Lodge for their work as 
architects of the building and fund raiser respectively. 

Lodge closed at 9:45 p.m. after which two banquets were held - 200 
masons met in the temple banquet room and another 98 at Supe- 
rior Restaurant. After this they all met again in the temple banquet 
room to hear an address by the guest speaker W. Bro. C. Hilton Keith, 
W. Masterof Middlesex Lodge No. 143, England." 


On Friday, October 22, 1943 a ceremony of "The Burning of the Note" 
was held. The note for $300.00 was the last outstanding financial 
obligation in connection with the purchase and renovation of the 

For the last seventy-one years Union Lodge has met in this building 
on Lot 22 at 83 Bridge Street, West, Napanee. In 1965 the Free 
Methodist Church expressed an interest in purchasing the build- 
ing but the Temple Management Committee recommended that 
no action be taken. In 1974 a local lawyer approached the lodge 
about purchasing the land which belonged to the lodge. Again no 
action was taken. In 1989 a building lot was severed and sold. A 
residence was constructed on that site. While the exterior of our 
building has remained much the same, the changes to the interior 
will have to be part of future story. 

When I began this presentation I made reference to the fact that a 
lodge without a history was a lodge without a personality. I have 
thus far touched on our beginnings and our meeting places. 

Now let us consider personality. While many good men were made 
better after passing up the winding staircase, one of our brethren 
made it to the top and left his mark here and beyond our walls. 


Very few lodges in our jurisdiction can lay claim to having had one 
of their members rise to the distinguished position of Grand Mas- 
ter of the Grand Lodge of Canada in the Province of Ontario. The 
brethren of Union Lodge No. 9, Napanee and those who visit our 
lodge room can look towards the West and see the visage of a man 
who rose through the ranks of his mother lodge and Frontenac Dis- 
trict to represent all Masons in Ontario. 

He was born on July 14, 1860 and raised on a farm in Ameliasburgh 
Township in Prince Edward County. After graduation from Bel- 


leville Collegiate, Victoria College and Osgoode Hall, Walter Stevens 
Herrington spent his adult life practising law in Napanee as a partner 
in the firm of Herrington, Warner and Grange. In 1889, on De- 
cember 21 st , Herrington submittedaPetitionforlnitiation to Union 
Lodge No. 9. A favourable Report of Committee on Petition was re- 
ceived by the lodge on January 21, 1890. The future Grand Master 
was initiated January 31, 1890; passed February 28, 1890 and raised 
May 2, 1890. Herrington was an active and enthusiastic member of 
his lodge. He served as Worshipful Master in 1894, 1899, 1900, 1901 
and again in 1905. In the summer of 1905 he was appointed Dis- 
trict Deputy Grand Master for Frontenac District. His devotion to 
the craft in general and to his own lodge in particular can be seen in 
this excerpt from a hand-written note which he penned to the lodge 
secretary in 1913. 

"I will at the regular meeting following assist in any work the breth- 
ren desire to assign to me." 

The following excerpt from A History of the Grand Lodge A. F & 
A. M. Of Canada in The Province of Ontario, Chapter XXVII, page 
242 describes the time period and events in the life of W. S. Her- 
rington as he travelled the path from District Deputy Grand Master 
to Grand Master: 

"The twenties saw Freemasonry in Ontario riding on the crest of 
unprecedented numbers of initiations, unprecedented credit bal- 
ances and unprecedented enthusiasms. The thirties searched and 
tested and challenged Freemasonry and Freemasons as they had 
hitherto never been searched and tested and challenged. 

That was the foreboding prospect that faced R. W. Bro. Walter 
Stevens Herrington, K.C, F.R.S.C,, of Napanee, Ontario when, on 
the 20 th of July, 1931 in the city of Kingston, he was elevated to the 
rank of the thirty-seventh Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Can- 
ada in the Province of Ontario. In retrospect, it would seem to be 
providential for Masonry that at this crucial period it its history 


there should have been at the post of command so eminently wor- 
thy a man, a lawyer of repute, a historian, a Shakespearean scholar, 
an able administrator and a devoted Mason. He came to his high 
office with many years of distinguished service in Grand Lodge and 
to the Craft in general: District Deputy Grand Master in 1905; a 
member of the Board of General Purposes of the Grand Lodge for 
six years (1918 -1923); 

Chairman of the Committee on the Fraternal Dead for seven years 
(1920 -1926); Chairman of the Committee on the Condition of Ma- 
sonry for two years (1926 - 1928); Deputy Grand Master in 1929-30 
and 1930-31." 

Most Worshipful Bro. Herrington's strong beliefs are expressed el- 
oquently and without equivocation as he comments on what might 
be called the sins of omission practised by many Masons during his 
tenure. As Grand Master, he was concerned that many Freema- 
sons were not observing the Sabbath. The following quotation from 
A History of the Grand Lodge A. F & A. M. of Canada in The Prov- 
ince of Ontario, Chapter XXVII, page 245: 

"I am not advocating a return to puritanical exactitude nor an aban- 
donment of reasonable and wholesome forms of recreation but 
that the entire day shouldbe given up to the exclusion of the worship 
of the Creator in the place appointed for that purpose is in my opin- 
ion contrary to the teaching and spirit of Freemasonry. 

Whatever the cause may be there are thousands of Freemasons 
in our Province who are rarely in their pews on the Sabbath Day. It 
is difficult how these brethren can reconcile this neglect of duty 
with the lessons taught in the lodge room." 

Statements such as the one above not only point out Herrington's 
beliefs but also leave the reader knowing that he was a craftsman 
with words. Suffice it to say that as a writer he was gifted. He was 
the author of such books as The History of the Grand Lodge of Can- 


ada in the Province of Ontario, Chapters I - XXVI and XXVII - XXX, 
The Evolution of the Prairie Provinces, Heroines of Upper Canada, 
Pioneer Life Among the Loyalists, War Work of Lennox and Adding- 
ton and Martyrs of New France. In 1907, he co-founded The Lennox 
and Addington County Historical Society and was its president from 
1916 until the time of his death in 1947. Further commentary on the 
life and times of W. S. Herrington must be left to another research- 
er. The time to present and space to record the work of this man 
who contributed much to the Town of Napanee and Freemasonry is 
insufficient to do it justice at present. 

The minutes of Union Lodge No. 9 record his continued partici- 
pation in things Masonic at not only his home lodge but also across 
the province. The following is a quotation from the July 23, 1947 
edition of the Napanee Beaver : 

"A long and useful life came to an end on Thursday, July 17 th , when 
W. S Herrington, K.C, F.R.C.S. died in his sleep at his home, Piety 
Hill, Napanee, just three days after he had observed his 8 7 th birthday, 
on Monday, July 14 th ." 

M. W. Bro. Herrington contributed a great deal to the Masonic edu- 
cation and prosperity of Union Lodge No. 9 during the nearly sixty 
years from his initiation until his death. His dedication to and 
belief in the teachings of Freemasonry impacted greatly on the per- 
sonality of our lodge. It is well recorded in Napanee that he was 
a Shakespearian scholar. A copy of his research into the Masonic 
references in the plays of Shakespeare are on file with the historical 
records of his mother lodge. 

I conclude this presentation and leave you with a quotation by 
which our thirty-seventh Grand Master would surely have lived. It 
comes from Shakespeare's Hamlet, Chapter 1, Scene 3, Lines 78 to 

"This above all: to thine own self be true, And it must follow, as the 


night the day, Thou canst not then be false to any man." 

Information used in the preparation of this paper was 
garnered from: 

• The Minute Books of Union Lodge No. 9, Napanee 

• The Archives at the Lennox and Addington County Museum 

• Historical records provided by Michael Jenkyns, FCE, Grand 

• History of Freemasonry in Canada by John Ross Robertson 

• A History of the Grand Lodge A. F. & A. M. Of Canada in The 
Province of Ontario by Walter S. Herrington and Roy S. Foley 

• The Napanee Beaver 

• The Napanee Standard 


History of Norfolk 
County and the Masons 

W. Bro. Dale L. Smout, WM of Norfolk Lodge No.10 
The Heritage Lodge, May 12, 2012 

Date: May 12,2012 

On June 24 th , 2012 Norfolk Lodge in Simcoe, the home of William 
Mercer Wilson, will be two hundred years old. Originally it was in- 
tended to research information on the "Masters" of the Lodge for 
the last two centuries but instead it turned into a history lesson of 
Norfolk County, itself. 

In the 1600s and 1700s many English Ancestors migrated to the 
New World or Thirteen Colonies of the new United States to escape 
religious dominance. They settled on the coast of New England, in 
the areas of Massachusetts, New Jersey and Pennsylvania. In 1776 
the War of Independence began and many settlers who were "loyal" 
to Britain, left for Upper Canada or at least let their stand be known 
to the independence seeking Americans. Many of these pioneers 
were Freemasons, initiated in England, while many others became 
Masons after arriving in the New Colonies. From about 1783 to 1800 
there was a concerted effort to leave by ship for the New Brunswick 
area while still others picked up "roots" and trekked north by wag- 
on, for the Niagara River at Newark. 

Two of these men were Thomas Welch, and Job Lodor. 

Mr. Thomas Welch came from Maryland where he was born in 
1742. He most likely became a Mason there. He was an officer in 
the British service during the American Revolution after which, 
as one of the Empire Loyalists, left to live under the British flag, in 
New Brunswick. In New Brunswick he surveyed a portion of St. 
John and in 1791 came to Upper Canada to settle near the Chippawa 


Creek and later to Long Point. At the time there were no roads, only 
wild life, a lot of trees and an Indian Path to "Brant's Ford", sim- 
ply called Brantford today. By 1797 he was appointed Norfolk's first 
land surveyor and then appointed Registrar of this new county. He 
also became Captain in the First Regiment of the Norfolk Rifles. He 
died in 1816 but we have many of his Masonic papers in the archives 
at Norfolk No. 10 and his Government papers in the Archives at the 
Norfolk Historical Society. 

Job Lodor as a Freemason had to "escape" from New Jersey with 
many creditors on his trail. An energetic man, he was involved in 
building and contracting. He had a Tavern in Charlotteville, an area 
laid out in 1795 by John Graves Simcoe to be the location of his Gov- 
ernment and Military Headquarters. Lodor's Tavern became the 
original Court House and Jail in 1802. Charlotteville, the town, is 
known as Turkey Point today and Lodor's Tavern and Court House 
were located at the top of the hill about where the Turkey Point Golf 
Course is now. It was here that the first organized meeting of Free- 
masons was held January 3, 1803. The Lodge was known as "Union 
Lodge No. 22" or Long Point Lodge and it's temporary officers were 
Joseph Ryerson (or Ryerse), Worshipful Master; Wynant Williams, 
Senior Warden; Bro. Hutchinson, Sr., Junior Warden and Thomas 
Welch, Secretary. Job Lodor, David Secord and Alexander Hutchin- 
son, were also present. As an indication of Job Lodor's masonic 
character, it is reported that many years after leaving New Jersey 
for Upper Canada, he returned there to pay off all his debtors. 

This jail and courthouse at Charlotteville was destroyed by fire, 
a cause of destruction of many wood buildings in those days. In 
1820 the Lodge moved to Vittoria, along with the Government Seat 
which occupied a newly constructed Court Building that too, was 
destroyed by fire five years later, in November of 1825. 

During the War of 1812-14 many Masons of Norfolk County joined 
with the Norfolk Rifles especially after General Brock, himself a 
Freemason, came to town in August of 1812 and made a "proclama- 


tion" asking the men of Norfolk to help fight the Americans. They 
marched to Dover Mills (Port Dover) where they embarked for De- 
troit to head off the Americans . One named American was General 
McArthur an American Freemason, who had entered from Detroit, 
to London and then Brant's Ford (Brantford) then south to burn 
mills and house from there to and including Mount Pleasant, Wa- 
terford Simcoe and Port Dover. John Graves Simcoe and Joseph 
Brant (Thayendanegea) the Mohawk war leader, were both Free- 

Brothers that attended meetings in Vittoria, came from all over 
the District and many found it difficult if not impossible to travel 
from Simcoe, Townsend (Waterford) or further. So they travelled 
to Townsend Lodge no. 26 that met in the Waterford area. 

According to the actual Charter that hangs in Norfolk Lodge No. 
10, at its institution on June 24 th 1812, the Worshipful Master was 
Amos Dodge, Senior Warden was Eliakim Crosby and the Junior 
Warden, John Collver. The Lodge met variously at Murphy's Tav- 
ern, north of Waterford, the Red Tavern on the Brantford Road (Old 
Highway 24) about two miles north of Oakland and occasionally at a 
house on Alice Street in Waterford. Meetings were held at Simcoe/ 
Brantford/Port Dover/Port Ryerse/Port Rowan and then in 1839 
permanently in Simcoe, when it was Lodge No. 5. It was renum- 
bered Norfolk Lodge No. 10 in 1859 under the new Grand Lodge 
of Canada in the Province of Ontario with the guidance of William 
Mercer Wilson. 

Norfolk Lodge No. 5 (later to become No.10) met at the Norfolk 
House a hotel built by two Masonic brethren who agreed the Lodge 
could use the south-east corner of an upper floor for their Lodge 
Room. A fire occurred at 10:00 in the morning of March 18, 1863 
which destroyed the Court House at the end of Peel Street. Most of 
the important court papers were removed and taken to the Opera 
House which was located on Norfolk Street right next to the Nor- 
folk House. The "Norfolk Reformer of March 19, 1863" said that 


"Strange to say, not one of the persons whose offices are in the court 
house were in town at the time." A few hours later a fire mysterious- 
ly broke out at the Opera House which engulfed it and the Norfolk 
House next door. Result was that the Lodge lost all the furniture 
and most of its records in this fire. 

Dr. John Wilson who was Worshipful Master in Simcoe in 1865, 
1866 and 1883, bought the property on the south side of Peel Street 
from William Mercer Wilson's estate and built a block to contain of- 
fice and store properties including the Norfolk Mason Lodge on the 
upper floor at the west end of the Block. 

This is the same room that Norfolk Lodge No.10 meets in today in 
the year 2012. About the only thing that has changed is the paint. 


Living History 
in Freemasonry 

V.W. Bro. Dale Graham, 
Presented at The Heritage Lodge No 730 

Date: September 19, 2012 

History is a curious, woolly business. It shows mankind's strengths 
and creativity as much as it shows human frailty and follies. It tells 
us when people achieve greatness and what they have accomplished. 
It explains when great peoples experience loss, defeat and sorrow. 

Even though memory exists only in the mind, history does not re- 
main still. It is not about dead things. History is a living measure, 
a record of yesterdays. It is so vital and vibrant that it is prone to 
abuses and vulnerable to manipulation. With the help of historians 
I hope to convince you to consider that idea. The more you know, 
the more you understand how much you don't know. It is best then 
to be prudent and even cautious. 

Science teaches us that human memory is plastic; our minds due 
in fact have a capacity to fill in information. We know, what the eye 
witness states is perhaps a filtered approximation of events, all of 
which leaves us with the withering question whether records are 
truly unvarnished and accurate or an approximation or impression. 
It can be bruised, stretched and abused but it is also the source of 
unending insight and imagination. 

Let me attempt to convince you that understanding the past reveals 
the important lessons only if we select wisely. 

In fact, history will again and tonight reveal the information that 
can only be discovered if we are open to understanding that "fail- 


ure" is essential to success and that authority must always be held 
to accounts to avoid the tendency to become overbearing. 

Then and finally will you allow me to impose on your good nature 
to make all of this relevant in the context of freemasonry? Then let 
me attempt to build a case that the very history of masonry in Upper 
Canada shows how today we are poised at the cusp of a growth that 
will add a new dimension to the workings of the Craft. 

Nay, the same Solomonthe king, although he excelled 
in the glory of treasure and magnificent buildings, of 
shipping and navigation, of service and attendance, 
of fame and renown, and the like, yet he maketh no 
claim to any of those glories, but only to the glory of 
inquisition of truth; for so he saith expressly, "The 
glory of God is to conceal a thing, but the glory of the 
king is to find it out"; as if, according to the innocent 
play of children, the Divine Majesty took delight to 
hide his works, to the end to have them found out; 
and as if kings could not obtain a greater honour 
than to be God's play— fellows in that game. 
-FRANCIS BACON, The Advancement of Learning (1605) 
Let's begin by talking about the vulnerability of history as a general 
subject. For this we turn to the work of Margaret MacMillan. 

1.— abuses— history— margaret— 
macmillan Professor MacMillan's publications include Women of the Raj as well as Peace- 
makers: the Paris Conference of 1919 and Its Attempt to Make Peace. The latter was pub- 
lished in North America as Paris 1919: Six Months that Changed the World and won the 
Duff Cooper Prize, the Samuel Johnson Prize for non— fiction, the Hessell— Tiltman Prize 
for History, the Silver Medal for the Council on Foreign Relations Arthur Ross Book Award 
and the Governor— General's prize for non— fiction in 2003. It was a New York Times Edi- 
tor's Choice in 2002. She has subsequently written Canada's House: Rideau Hall and the 
Invention of a Canadian Home, jointly with Marjorie Harris and Anne L. Desjardins; Nix- 
on in China: The Week That Changed the World (entitled Nixon and Mao in the US.); and 
Stephen Leacock. . Her most recent book is The Uses and Abuses of History (Dangerous 
Games in the US). She comments frequently in the media on historical issues and current 


In July 2007 Professor MacMillan became the fifth Warden of St 
Antony's College at Oxford the oldest university in the English 
speaking world (-1096). Prior to taking on the Wardenship, Profes- 
sor MacMillan was Provost of Trinity College Dublin which was 
founded in 1592 and professor of History at the University of To- 
ronto. She was educated at the University of Toronto (Honours B.A. 
in History) and at St Hilda's College, and St Antony's College, Ox- 
ford University (BPhil in Politics and DPhil). From 1975 until 2002 
she was a member of the History Department at Ryerson Univer- 
sity in Toronto and she also served as Chair of the Department. She 
is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature and a Senior Fellow 
of Massey College, University of Toronto, a Trustee of the Rhodes 
Trust, and sits on the boards of the Mosaic Institute, the Reuters 
Institute for the Study of Journalism, the Scholars Council of the 
Library of Congress, and the editorial boards of Global Affairs, In- 
ternational History andFirst World War Studies. She is an Hon- 
orary Fellow at St Hilda's College Oxford and has honorary degrees 
from the University of King's College, the Royal Military College, 
and Ryerson University, Toronto. In 2006 Professor MacMillan 
was invested as an Officer of the Order of Canada. 

Professor MacMillan has a long— standing relationship with St 
Antony's. She was a student at the College during the early 1970s, 
producing a doctoral thesis on the British in India. She returned as 
a Senior Associate Member in 1993 and was elected to an Honorary 
Fellowship in 2003. 1 

Let's agree for a moment this is an historian who has things to teach 
us. Now let's skip through her many famous publications to a more 
recent book The Uses and Abuses of History. 

In this book, the author builds on the subtle reconstruction of his- 
tory. She gives many examples to show how the subtext of decisions 
can be changed by revising and rewriting history. One recent exam- 

2.— re- 

3. ibid 


pie is about text books being given to Russian school children that 
rework the despotic impact of Joseph Stalin into a great protector. 

We abuse history MacMillan wrote, "...when we create lies about 
the past or write histories that show only one perspective". 2 

She explains that we turn to history because it of- 
fers simplicity when the present seems chaotic. 3 
And I would add that it is a way we cope with instability. The reason 
Macmillan's book was so compelling wasn't for the international 
tone, giving examples not of one side of the argument, one society 
or in support of a dominant world view but the almost casual way 
she was able to extract instances of obvious widespread manipula- 
tion of history. Even that wasn't what caused me to think of a con- 
nection with freemasonry. It was her mention of the potential of 
history to teach. 

It occurred to me at that moment that from the influences of the 
Renaissance and Reformation and the age of Enlightenment Free- 
masonry became a product of history claiming nothing more than 
the preservation of the tools needed for a man to achieve happiness. 

It avoided stepping into the battle between truth claimers. Was it 
church or state that determined truth? or popular opinion that held 
our values? To the freemasonic philosophy those aspects did not 
matter as much as a mason having the opportunity for enlighten- 
ment achieved through his own insight. 

A single larger pearl slipped out of the pages of Macmillan's book 
that told the reader the only way to benefit from history is to look 
at it from all sides. History that we enjoy, that fits with a particular 
view of the world is not a history of unexpected, unintended effects. 
It is a history configured to complete our desire. Only when we have 
a balanced, objective view, replacing right with an accurate view, 
are we then able to learn from our past. I began to think MacMillan 
was telling us that while popular history may be a balm to the ego, 


it is at best inaccurate because it is vulnerable to rewriting and we 
are likely to fear what we do not want to admit. I wondered if this 
profound thinker was telling us that we can only learn when we ex- 
amine failings as well as conquests. 

For that lesson I turned to the history of two brothers who coinci- 
de ntally were members of the Craft and who as it happens tinkered 
their way into history after many attempts to write them out of their 
place in history had failed. It is a story that reminds us of David and 
Goliath and even the integrity of Hiram. The brothers and Hiram 
were all bludgeoned by men of low integrity. 

This story begins with a note about the relationship between the 
boys. I'll let you draw your own conclusions about why the outcome 
was determined by an honest man and good brother. 

"From the time we were little children my broth- 
er Orville and myself lived together. We usually 
owned all of our toys in the common, talked over 
our thoughts and aspirations so that nearly ev- 
erything that was done in our lives has been the 
result of conversations, suggestions and discus- 
sion between us." 


5. http://en.wikipedia.Org/wiki/Wright_brothers#Smithsonian_feud 


"I like scrapping with Orv," Wilbur said, "he's such a good scrap- 
per." Heated discussions were a frequent and significant as- 
pect of the Wrights' creative process. Their ability to defend 
a position with genuine passion, while considering the oth- 
er's point of view, was essential to their inventive success. 
4 Wilbur Wright, 1912 

The two brothers are of course Wilbur and Orville Wright and the 
story here is much more than flying closer to the sun than Icarus . It 
is a tale of hubris of staggering proportion. 

Seventeen December 1903 is the date of the first controlled, powered 
and sustained heavier than air flight. In the 2 years following the 
wing aircraft. They were actually the first to invent aircraft controls. 5 

The brothers had a strong commitment to one another. They were 
industrious and developed machinist/mechanic skills needed to 
construct a flying device while in their shop breaking down print- 
ing presses, bicycles, motors and other machinery. But it was their 
work on bicycles that was most influential on their idea that an un- 
stable flying machine could respond to controls. 


7. Ibid 


For the sake of discussion, let me remind us that the Wright boys 
began their work in the shop in Dayton Ohio in 1896. Trial and er- 
ror. They watched the flight of birds and built. Attempt after at- 
tempt, one trial after another, wood and cord and cloth but they 
needed more lift. They had a craft built that they began taking apart 
for travel. On the 23 rd of September they packed up their tools, 
loaded extra wood onto a truck and drove to find constant strong 
winds off the Atlantic. Two days later they arrived at their camp Kill 
Devil Hill North Carolina. 6 The unpacked and began reassembling 
the aircraft. It took them 3 weeks to rebuild it and during that time 
continued to practice using the glider they built in 1902, staying 
airborne for longer periods and learning to improve control. The 
cold weather and cracked propeller shaft caused delays. On Satur- 
day 12 th of December all was ready, but the airs were too light. They 
had promised their father not to fly on the Sabbath so they waited 
for Monday December 14 th . With a crew of helpers they hauled the 
craft to the top of the hill; tossed a coin to see who would fly it (Wil- 
bur won). His take off was steep — he didn't realize how efficient 
the elevators would work, so the plane stalled at the bottom of the 
hill and broke. But it had flown to the bottom of the hill all by itself. 
It took them two days to fix it and try again, but the boys knew it 
would work. This time it was Orville's turn. It pitched up and down; 
underestimating the effect of the elevator but it flew 120 feet, air- 
borne or 12 seconds and landed with only a cracked skid. And that 
was the first flight. The fixed it immediately and Orville this time 
travelled 200 feet. They set to a further repair and about noon Wil- 
bur went 852 feet before it bucked badly and crashed, badly break- 
ing the front rudder frame. They 
were mending and carrying when a 
wind gust caused it to turn over onto 
one of the crew. He wasn't hurt but 
the original plane was destroyed. 7 21 
mph winds, average air speed thirty 
one miles, longest flight 57 seconds. 
The sent the information by tele- 
graph to their father. 


But meanwhile history tells us that the plot is about to thicken with 
the presence of the secretary of the Smithsonian Samuel P Langley 
Mr. Langley held the job from 1887—1906, a man of influence and 
bearing and Sam wanted to be the first to fly. Instead of a builder's 
skill, he brought social rank, ambition and influence. Now Sam had 
been encouraged by the early success of an unmanned powered 
model aircraft. But when he went full scale and manned, the Aero- 
drome flew once in October and once in December 1903 and was a 
spectacular and complete failure. But that didn't stop our man. 

The Smithsonian actually displayed the Aerodrome in the museum 
as the first heavier— than— air craft, mentioning that the Wright 
brothers were secondary. But that is getting ahead of the plot. The 
Smithsonian based the claim for the Aerodrome on short test flights 
by Glenn Curtiss in 1914, that's eleven years after the Wrights had 
flown in 1903. Curtiss was a member of the crew working with the 
Corps of Engineers with serious funding and the backing of Langley 
and the Smithsonian Museum. Was it fair to allow "major modifi- 
cations" to the Aerodrome before attempting to fly it in 1914? Not a 
bit. But they allowed it anyway. Langley was part of the establish- 
ment. He deserved to win. The Wrights? They were just a couple of 
bicycle mechanics from Dayton. 

This story isn't over. It not only comes to justice but reveals a useful 

The brothers went to the shore with piles of wood and equipment 
ready to try and repair and try again. When their plane crashed they 
ran over to it, looked at the problem and fixed it. Then they tried 
again, saw what was broken fixed that problem and moved on. Each 
fix, every repair lead to another problem until— flight! 

The Aerodrome from the start was a shot in the dark. It was be- 
ing launched out on Lake Keuka, near Hammondsport New York. 


The lake had good strong winds and they used a launch deck built 
on the surface of a boat. The ramp up design is still in use today on 
air— craft carriers. But that's the extent of ingenuity. Each time 
the Aerodrome crashed, it sank. Nothing was left to examine, leav- 
ing the engineers with no observations, no facts; literally guessing 
about the next fix. 

What of the award? The Smithsonian wanted to protect Langley's 
reputation and Curtiss wanted to defeat patent infringement law- 
suits by the Wrights. The Museum did not actually reveal the ex- 
tensive changes by Curtiss but the Wrights had some help. It seems 
Orville learned about the modifications from his brother Lorin and 
a friend Griffith Brewer who photographed and witnessed some 

Orville was alone after his brother died in 1912. Wilbur was only 45. 
Orville was alone but determined. And he protested. He restored 
the 1903 air craft the Kitty Hawk Flyer and in 1928 loaned it to the 
London Science Museum! He never saw his plane again. 

Charles Lindbergh even tried to mediate— that failed too. In 1942 
after years of bad publicity and hectoring by a Wright biographer 
Fred C Kelly, the Smithsonian relented. They published for the first 
time, a list of the Aerodrome modifications and recanted mislead- 
ing statements it had made about the 1914 tests. 

Only then did Orville privately ask the British Museum to return 
the Flyer. It remained in protective storage until the end of WW II 
and came home after Orville had died. And there is more. 

On 23 November 1948, the executors of Orville's estate signed an 
agreement for the Smithsonian to purchase the Flyer for one dol- 
lar. They also insisted on strict conditions for display of the airplane 
that remain in place to this day. 

Eventually, the Kitty Hawk Flyer was displayed 17 th December 1948 


— on the 45 th Anniversary of the only day it was flown successfully. 


We can take away a few lessons from Orville and Wilbur. Setting 
goals is important. Searching for a shred of success is better than 
pointing to failure. Don't expect to be acknowledged. Politics is 
what it is. Observation, discussion and constant effort does pro- 
duce results. 

Freemasons are industrious and have a driving appetite for his- 
torical information. But the work and information must always be 
relevant to a shared purpose and application. We need to examine 
what is broken to know what to fix. When this happens the infor- 
mation provides valuable context that helps our understanding of 
the thinking, activities and lessons to be learned from time past. We 
especially learn from the trial and error of our ancient brethren and 
one day brethren of the future will learn from ours. 

Let me also suggest to you that the history of freemasonry reveals 
the Craft is a laboratory for innovation in science and the arts des- 
tined to serve the greater good of humanity. We are not the genius 
working on the impossible but we are the tools he needs to set about 
his work. We are diligence. We are faith. We are commitment. 

Freemasonry provides an unusual resilient, living link with history; 
if you will, a line of accountability coming to us through hundreds 
of years of social and cultural change; the progress of free think- 
ers and perhaps even the new truth claimers— showing that men of 
faith can also be men of science. 

As long as the Masonic Order continues collectively to ask the es- 
sential questions, it will thrive. I would put it to you that the essen- 
tial question that follows us forever is, "What Next?" 



There was a time when we thought it was unique to the human mind 
until science rewrote the book. It is of the past; clear and opaque 
at the same time but able to reveal patterns of success and failure. 
It reveals the misadventure of youthful exuberance along side the 
role of probability and luck. The price of morality is taught to us by 
ambitions, plots and schemes. We protect ourselves from despots 
each time we remember the price paid in tragedy. And we teach 
ourselves to remember the lessons of past generations to help them 
avoid paying a toll for lessons already learned— if only remembered. 

The Roman, Dionysius said history is philosophy teaching by exam- 
ples. 8 I think this is a precarious claim for anyone to make and I'm 
not sure what history had taught Dionysius for him to lay out such a 
claim. Perhaps he means if we observe carefully, history reveals the 
prevalent thinking of the day that defines a people. The Roman is 
not claiming he has himself attained understanding but he is telling 
us he has noticed a process that reveals the value of history. Per- 
haps Dionysius means to suggest careful observance of history re- 
veals the essential questions that all men must answer. 

And what comes next in the living history of the Grand Lodge of 

The Grand Lodge is now 157 years old and in the process of writ- 
ing history for future generations. In hindsight, the concession to 
add (in the Province of Ontario) which is how we know it today, was 
reasonable and showed an awareness that freemasonry in Canada 
needed to move into the future with a broad, shared and firm na- 
tional foundation. And I would argue it has succeeded in that re- 

We can well claim to be the Oldest Fraternal Order in the World. 
Was there a masonic big bang? If only we had evidence of a single 

9. Freemasonry: The Reality. Tobias Churton. Lewis Masonic 2009, pg. 63 

10. ibid pg 249 


starting point, we wouldn't have the gentlemanly speculation we 
have to this day which is exactly the way it must be. That is one 
more intriguing aspect of freemasonry that defines the uniqueness 
of this fraternity. 

History seems to show us that the expanse of freemasonry gained 
traction in a number of locations; at the Lodge of St. Mary's, Edin- 
burgh where minutes go back to 1599; even older at Aitcheson's Ha- 
ven 1598. 9 In our imaginations, we see rows of benches in make- 
shift lodge rooms. We reflect on the effects of early craft guilds, 
organized to preserve the integrity of knowledge and workmanship 
in a simpler more dangerous time. We leap easily from 16 th , 17 th to 
18 th century when the advantages of standardized ritual gave birth 
to regular freemasonry. From small groups at the beginning, until 
today with approximately 5,000,000 freemasons around the world, 
insuring the survival of the masonic species we remain linked by an 
uninterrupted history. 

We might step through the centuries but we need to acknowledge 
individuals who helped us get where we are today. Like William 
Schaw, one of the more influential builders of the Craft, an advisor 
to King James VI of Scotland (James 1 of England from 1603) he 
took the work seriously, especially regarding the interests of stone- 
masons and "fine architecture in general". 10 

Where Have the Builders Gone? 

If major decisions were simple, they wouldn't be major at all and 
we'd all be geniuses. It would probably feel like Christmas every day. 
What would the world be like if each day lead to sustainable growth? 
Would we recognize achievement as we do today? If everyday were 
Christmas, if success were guaranteed it would loose all meaning. 
It is fortunate we will never know, because we collectively seem so 
eager to find barriers, distractions and all manner of reasoning to 
ensure discoveries are delayed as long as possible. Fortunate for us, 
disappointment is freely available and that is the necessary spark 
that pushes us forward to attempt the impossible. 


What can history teach that allows us to make right choices. If we 
timidly turn away from our responsibility, others step forward. 
Generation by generation, we continually discover, reason and act. 
Even though major work involves repeated trial and error, each ef- 
fort takes us one step closer to the solution. 

It is not wrong minded to expect success on the first try, but it is 
perhaps fanciful and grandly naive to apply that level of reasoning 
to the serious challenges of life. 

We measure success by outcomes not how many failings occurred 
to get us there. This poises interesting questions for us collectively; 
should an understanding of the scientific method, trial— error- 
trial be part of our masonic discussion? We make mistakes but we 
have a choice to either learn from them or move ahead, or believing 
we have failed comes to a stop. 

Are we all asking where the builders have gone? They remain 
among us. 

It would be unfair and even dishonest to claim the past 90 years of 
freemasonry in Upper Canada had been a period of decline when it 
has actually been a period of change. 

When we were new to the Dominion, we blazed trails and devel- 
oped settlements. The entire province was rural. Then we did what 
all good men do; we set about connecting with our neighbours by 
visiting. Today many original rural communities have shrunk. Cit- 
ies offered more opportunity then as they do today and became a 
choice of lifestyle. But freemasons even today still extend the hos- 
pitality to neighbour and a visiting stranger alike. Transportation 
and communication allow us to connect despite miles between us, 
in a most close, familiar way. It is no longer the chore it once was. 
And now... 

How do we progress purposefully? At least we deserve the hint. It 


occurs to me, we have dealt with the tasks of expansion. Lodges are 
sometimes abundant but always adequate. Our hospitality is the 
stuff of legends. And now we explore the next horizon — the ways 
and means to improve the masonic experience as we move from ex- 
pansion to evolution of the Craft. 

Experience does not ever err, its is 

only your judgment that errs 

In promising itself results which are not 

caused by your experiments 

—Leonardo Da Vince (c. 1510) 


Nipissing Lodge 420 and 

Its First Master, 

Reverend Silas Huntington 

W. Bro. Jacques C. Lacourse 
Date: October 13, 2012 

We start off our journey today by under- 
standing how important the Hunting- 
ton family is, not only to the members of 
Nipissing Lodge #420, but also in North 
America. The Huntington family is one 
of the most wide-spread in America and 
is one of the few that maintains com- 
plete records of each generation. In fact, 
the family has their own genealogist who 
has been able to trace the clan as far back 
as 1460. This is quite amazing since this 
is 32 years prior to Christopher Colum- 
bus discovering America. Silas James 
Adams Huntington III, the center of this 
paper was of the 8 th generation. 

Silas was born Feb 19, 1829 at Kempville, Upper Canada and was the 
eighth and last child of Silas Huntington II and Mary Adams. Si- 
las II was a physician in the village. Silas' parents were of loyalist 
decent but he converted to Christianity as a youth. His exploits as 
a young man are not very well documented, but we do know that 
he was commissioned as a "Lay Preacher" in 1850, at 20 years old, 
and four years later, without any formal training, was ordained in 
the Methodist Church. It can be reasonably assumed that he must 
have been quite active in the class-meetings of his home town. 


Class-meetings were the forerunner of an organized congregation 
and were the mainstay of the early church. It can also be reason- 
ably devised that skills and attributes that he demonstrated later on 
in his life on his missions, such as his natural leadership, charisma, 
and sense of adventure, can only have been developed with much 
practice as an adolescent. He was an avid outdoorsman and canoe- 
ist, and his strength would serve him well as a pioneer in the North. 
Silas served the church for 55 years up until his death in 1905. 

When the Canadian Pacific Railway Company agreed to take on the 
challenge of opening a rail line from Coast to Coast, the Methodist 
Church thought that it would be a good thing to have missionaries 
accompany the railway workmen and help establish settlements 
along the way. Silas was one of the forerunners of this movement 
and he was perfectly suited to the task. Not only did he have the 
necessary skills for life in the wilderness but he was also fluent in 
English, French, and two dialects of Ojibwa. As he followed the 
spread of the railway west, he would visit the hundreds of settle- 
ments, camps and First Nations communities spreading the min- 

The Methodist church's custom was to leave a worker in a charge 
for, at most, 4 years and it wasn't uncommon for their terms to be 
quite a bit less than that. During the 55 years of his ministry, he held 
14 appointments in Ontario and Quebec as well as in the region of 
the Bay of Quinte. His first charge was a new mission field at Claren- 
don and Onslow in the Province of Quebec. In 1854 he was moved 
to the Gatineau charge and then in 1856 was appointed to a well- 
established centre of Aylmer. In 1858 he moved to Smith's Falls and 
did a three year term. It was here in Smith's Falls that Silas joins the 
Masonic Order. 

In 1882 he came to the mission of Mattawa which had a meagre total 
membership of 13 people. During his two years in Mattawa, he ex- 
plored the many rivers and lakes and visited the numerous lumber 
camps and the budding communities in that area. 


The railroad was expected to follow the shores of Lake Nipissingand 
once it did, Silas knew that a community of considerable size would 
be established there. By 1884, the railroad had reached North Bay 
and Silas was there to start a mission. From that time on, he consid- 
ered this town home even though his work would take him farther 
west. While in North Bay, he organized a thriving congregation of 
30 members. He took in all of the territory between Mattawa and 
Shreiber and some distance towards Sault Ste. Marie. In 1899, Silas 
served as chair of the Sudbury and Nipissing districts of the Meth- 
odist Church, that had been setup in 1890, all the while overseeing 
the development of churches as far west as Schreiber and others on 
the north shore of Lake Huron. The church that was established 
here in North Bay is now known as the Trinity United Church. 

Silas married three times. He married his first wife, Elizabeth 
Stewart around the same time as he was ordained. According to the 
family Bible, they were married June 21, 1854 in Saint-Andre-East, 
Lower Canada. Together, they had 5 sons. 

Their first two sons, Silas James born 1855, and Hugh Steward born 
1856, both died in infancy. Samuel Adams, born in 1859, trained at 
the Royal Military College in Kingston and opened the first Hard- 
ware store in North Bay. His fourth son, John Wesley, was born in 
1860. Stewart, born 1861, established the Nipissing Times which 
was North Bay's first newspaper. Stewart had three sons. One of 
which, W Bro. Percy Adams, served as Master of Nipissing Lodge 
#420 in 1942; 55 years after his grandfather. 

Elizabeth died on June 8, 1891, at the age of 64. This was just be- 
fore their 37 th anniversary. She is buried in the Huntington plot in 
Vankleek Hill, situated in the lower Ottawa valley. 

On October 27, 1891, only 141 days after the death of his first wife, 
Silas married Harriet Emmeline Agar in McKim Township, Ontario 
and stayed with her until her death in 1895. 


His third and final marriage was at the end of 1895, when he took 
the hand of Annie Isabella Anderson of Sault Ste. Marie. On August 
3, 1905, Silas succumbed to typhoid fever in North Bay. Annie sur- 
vived her husband by only a few months and was buried next to him 
in the Union Cemetery, North Bay. 

Huntington University in Sudbury is named after Reverend Silas 
Huntington. The following is the forward to the booklet, 'The Apos- 
tle to the North' as found in the Research Paper 'Silas Huntington' 
by J. L. Runnalls and J. W. Pilgrim: 

"Huntington is a name which men of the north may 
speak with pride, yet Silas Huntington was not a 
proud man. He was first a man of God, second a pi- 
oneer. He brought his belief to a primitive land and 
founded here a tradition of Christian progress upon a 
sense of responsibility to his Church and to his fellow 

"Huntington University is founded on the same 
tradition. Just as Silas Huntington filled a need for 
Christian teaching in the primitive communities of 
the north, so the institution which bears his name is 
established in the service of God, and the young men 
and women of the cities and towns which are those 
same communities." 

"A university had been foreseen for Northern Ontario 
in 1914, by Jesuit Fathers who included such powers 
in their charter for 'Le College du Sacre-Coeur'. In 
1957 these powers were implemented in the Univer- 
sity of Sudbury." 

"Meantime in the mind of Rev. E. S. Lautenslager, 
Minister of St. Andrew's United Church, Sudbury, 
and others, a plan for a federated non-denomina- 


tional university was developing in the conviction 
that true education involves the whole man and is 
the responsibility of the Church as well as the State. 
In 1958, the Northern Ontario University Associa- 
tion was formed with the aim 'to found and support 
Northern Ontario, and institution of learning on the 
university level', United Church and/or Protestant in 
foundation and control or at least a Protestant col- 
lege in a federated university." 

Already at this stage, it had been agreed, following a hint in Dr. J. C. 
Cochrane's 'Trails and Tales of the Northland', that such a United 
Church university or college, if it were achieved, would in its name 
memorialize a great Christian missionary in Northern Ontario, the 
Reverend Silas Huntington. 

In due time, the Northern Ontario University Association was 
able to implement its plans. The Church pledged $1,000,000. At 
the same time conversations took place with other Church bodies 
such as the Algoma Diocese of the Anglican Church and the Sault 
Ste. Marie Diocese of the Roman Catholic Church. It was agreed 
to found the Laurentian University of Sudbury and for each church 
group to have its own federated university within the whole. So in 
September 1960, Huntington University opened its doors to thirty 
seven students. Growth was steady and today, it has made a name 
for itself through that part of Northern Ontario in which it serves. 

Silas was not only instrumental in spreading the ministry of the ear- 
ly Methodist Church but he was also instrumental in establishing 
Freemasonry in the North. We will now look at his achievements 
within the Craft. 

While stationed in Smith's Falls, between 1858 and 1861, Silas ap- 
plied for Membership by Initiation in St. Francis Lodge No. 24. St. 
Francis Lodge can trace its origins back to 1839 but only records 
from 1858 and after have survived. These records show that he was 


Initiated April 2, Passed May 3 and Raised June 7, all in 1860. His 
Grand Lodge certificate is number 1687. 

On September 9, 1862, he affiliated with the Renfrew Lodge #122 
and was on their register as #42. Another 2 years passed and an- 
other move was imminent. This time, there was no lodge for Silas 
to affiliate with. Shortly thereafter, April 16, 1866, he was suspend- 
ed from Renfrew Lodge for non-payment of dues. For the next 21 
years, he remained inactive. 

One interesting side bar is that Silas was in Mattawa in 1884 during 
which the petition was sent to Grand Lodge with the dispensation 
being granted for the formation of Mattawa Lodge #405, although 
there is no evidence to prove that he was involved in their organiza- 
tion at that time. However, with the establishment of the Village of 
North Bay and the large number of Freemasons present, the com- 
mencement of a lodge for that area was desired. Several meetings 
were held during 1886 and 1887 centering on this idea. An old issue 
of 420's by-laws states the following: 

"In 1887, a number of gentlemen who were citizens 
of the Village of North Bay, Nipissing District, and 
who belonged to the Masonic Craft, desired to form a 
Lodge of A. F. and A. M., in North Bay. Reverend Silas 
Huntington, who was then stationed in the Village as 
Pastor of the Methodist Church, was a leading spirit 
in the movement and later in the year he and others 
petitioned the Grand Lodge of Canada for a Dispen- 
sation to make, pass, and raise Freemasons in a Lodge 
to be called "Nipissing Lodge"." 

In order for Silas to be able to be a Charter member of this lodge, he 
had to bring his membership into good standing. So on September 
5, 1887, he was reinstated into Renfrew Lodge #122. He then demit- 
ted soon after. 


The petition to Grand Lodge for the dispensation to form Nipissing 
Lodge #420 in North Bay saw 31 names with such notables as John 
Ferguson, Silas Huntington, John Cormack, Archie McMurchy, 
James Lomax, E. C. Cross and William McDonald being the most 
prominent. 12 of the 31 petitioners were also members of Mattawa 
Lodge #405. On the petition, Bro. Silas Huntington was listed as 
the proposed Worshipful Master even though he had never been In- 
stalled as Master nor had he served as Warden. Henry Robertson, 
Grand Master of the Most Honourable Fraternity of Ancient Free 
and Accepted Masons of Canada in the Province of Ontario granted 
the dispensation to form a Craft Lodge in the Village of North Bay 
on November 21, 1887. The Lodge was to meet the Thursday on or 
before the full moon of every month. The first meeting of Nipissing 
Lodge UD was held on November 29, 1887 with 31 members in at- 
tendance. The first officers of the Lodge were Bro. Silas Huntington 
as Master, Bro. John Cormack as Senior Warden and Bro. William 
Burgess as Junior Warden. Silas' son Samuel Adams was appointed 
to the office of Senior Deacon. Grand Lodge met in July 1888 where 
it was issued a Warrant dated July 18 of that year. 

On July 1 st , 1887, Silas was appointed to the new frontier town of 
Sudbury for a new mission. After contemplating the effect his move 
would have on the Lodge, Silas resigned his position as Master on May 
10, 1888, just prior to the Lodge being presented their Charter and 
W Bro. Cross took over the Master's Chair. Silas' name, as being the 
Charter Worshipful Master, on the petition on file at Grand Lodge, 
was scratched out and the name of Edward C. Cross inserted in its 
place. However, since Nipissing Lodge's minutes of the first meeting, 
where Silas presided as Worshipful Master cannot be changed, the 
members consider Silas to have been their first Master. 

During his time in Sudbury, Silas became active in the movement to 
establish another lodge. Silas' name can be found as the 9 th name on 
the petition. Nickel Lodge #427 was given dispensation October 13, 
1891 and the Warrant was issued July 20, 1892. Due to his numer- 
ous duties with the Church and the considerable time spent out of 


town, Silas chose not to become an Officer. He demitted from Nick- 
el Lodge #427 on May 1, 1898 when he returned to live in North Bay. 

From 1887 until his death, Silas maintained his membership in 
Nipissing Lodge #420. In 1892, Silas was made an Honourary Mem- 
ber of Nipissing #420 "in recognition of valuable services rendered 
to the Lodge". In 1898, he was elected Chaplain, a position he re- 
tained until 1905 when he passed away. 

Silas also took an interest in the only body in the North working the 
higher degrees. He applied for membership in St. John's Chapter 
#103 and was Initiated on July 11, 1894. His number on the Regis- 
ter is #16. He was elected to Chaplain for the Chapter from 1895 to 
1898, served as Scribe Ezra for one year and returned to Chaplain 
from 1901 to 1902. 

Silas' aforementioned grandson, Percy, became Master of Nipissing 
Lodge #420 in 1942. Four years later, in 1946, he was appointed As- 
sistant Grand Organist and in 1953 served as District Deputy Grand 
Master for the Nipissing East District. 

As you have heard brethren the name of Silas Huntington is one that 
will long remain a name to be remembered in the north by Masons 
and non-Masons alike. In fact we are here celebrating 125 years and 
Nickel Lodge isn't far behind. Indeed a legacy that anyone of us can 
be proud of and honoured to be a part. 


1. The Papers of The Canadian Masonic Research Association Volume III, pub- 
lished by The Heritage Lodge #730, A.E & A.M., G.R.C., 1986 pages 1643 - 1660. 
Paper #90 entitled Rev. Silas Huntington, The Apostle of the North, 1829-1905 
(J. L. Runnalls and J. W. Pilgrim), 1967 

2. Nipissing Lodge #420 Records and Documents 

3. Nipissing Lodge #420 A.E & A. M. G.R.C. "One Hundred Years of Masonry 1887- 
1988" Souvenir Program. Paper entitled "Nipissing Lodge No. 420 A Brief Look 
Into Its Past" by W. Bro. Tom Bennett 

4. Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online. "Silas Huntington" by Brian W. W. 
Aitken, Professor of Religious Studies and Ethics, Huntington College, Lauren- 
tian University, Sudbury, Ontario 



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BLANCHARD, Arthur Glen 

Lewis (Life Member) 

Perth, Ontario 

Member of Henderson Lodge 


Passed to the Grand Lodge Above 

September 19, 2012 

CATHCART, James Alfred 

(Life Member) 

Brampton, Ontario 

Member of Peel Lodge No. 468 

Passed to the Grand Lodge Above 

in February 2012 

DAVIES, Thomas Roy 

(Life Member) 

Woodstock, Ontario 

Member of Ashlar Lodge No.701 

Passed to the Grand Lodge Above 

November 20, 2012 

FOOTE, Frederick Stephen 

(Life Member) 

London, Ontario 

Member of Nickel Lodge No. 427 

Passed to the Grand Lodge Above 

November 15, 2012 

JANACEK, Joseph 


Oshawa, Ontario 

Member of Doric Lodge No.424 

Passed to the Grand Lodge Above 

May 30, 2012 

JONES, Harvey Edgar 


Wasaga Beach, Ontario 
Member of Kerr Lodge No.230 
Passed to the Grand Lodge Above 
August 13, 2012 

KING, Brian William 


Oakville, Ontario 

Member of Claude M. Kent Lodge 

No. 681 

Passed to the Grand Lodge Above 

January 14, 2012 

OUTRIDGE, Albert Leslie 


North York, Ontario 

Member of Victory Lodge No. 574 

Passed to the Grand Lodge Above 

in January 2012. 

PIPER, Joel Charles 


Woodstock, Ontario 

Member of King Hiram Lodge No. 


Passed to the Grand Lodge Above 

May 31, 2012 

SPENCE, Robert Roy 


Huntsville, Ontario 

Member of St. Johns Lodge No.40 

Passed to the Grand Lodge Above 

June 13, 2012 

MACINTOSH, Roderick S. 

(Life member) 

Mississauga, Ontario 

Member of University Lodge No. 


Passed to the Grand Lodge above 

April 5, 2012. 



"His presence lingers on about the room. 

His footsteps echo still upon the floor. 

The brightness of his smiles dispels the gloom. 

Though he has slipped away, and closed the door. 

So biding here today I feel I know, 

Which way his fading footsteps wend; 

A little time, then the way I shall go. 

The working tools have fallen from his grasp, 

The journey ended for his weary feet, 

Death holds his tired hand in gentle clasp; 

His work is done; his temple is complete." 

© 2013 The Heritage Lodge A.F& A.M. No 730 G.R.C.